We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Cited References

AAP Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. (2011). "SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment". Pediatrics 128(5): 1030 -1039.

Abbott, S. (1992). "Holding on and pushing away: comparative perspectives on an Eastern Kentucky child rearing practice." Ethos 20: 33-65.

American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2001). International classification of sleep disorders, revised: Diagnostic and coding manual. American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2005). International classification of sleep disorders, 2nd ed: Diagnostic and coding manual. American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Westchester, Illinois.

Anders, T.F. (1979). "Night waking in infants during the first year of life." Pediatrics 63(6): 860-864

Anders, T.F., Sadeh, S. and Appareddy, V. (1995). Normal sleep in neonates and children. Principles and practice of sleep medicine in the child. M. Ferber and M. Kyger. Philidephia, Saunders Company: 7-18.

Ansara, D., Cohen, M., Gallop, Kung, R. and Schei, B. (2005). "Predictors or women's physical health problems after childbirth." Journal of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynaecology 26(2): 115-125.

Anuntaseree, W., Mo-suwan, L., Vasiknanonte, P., Kuasirikul, S., Ma-a lee, A. and Choprapawan C. (2008). "Night waking in Thai infants at 3 months of age: Association between parental practices and infant sleep." Sleep Medicine. 9(5): 564-571

Ateah, C.A. and Hamelin, K.J. (2008). "Maternal Bedsharing Practices, Experiences, and Awareness of Risks." Journal of Obstetric, Gynocologic and Neonatal Nursing 37: 274-281.

Baddock, S., Galland, B., Bolton, D., Williams, S. and Taylor, B. (2006). "Differences in Infant and Parent Behaviors during Routine Bedsharing compared to Cot Sleeping in the Home Setting." Pediatrics 117(5): 1599-1607.

Baddock, S., Galland, B., Taylor, B. and Bolton, D. (2007). "Sleep Arrangements and Behaviour of Bed-Sharing Families in the Home Setting." Pediatrics 119(1): e200-e207.

Balarajan, R., Raleigh, V.S. and Botting, B. (1989). "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and post-neonatal mortality in immigrants in England and Wales." British Medical Journal 298: 716-720.

Ball, H.L. (2002). "Reasons to bed-share: why parents sleep with their infants." Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology 20(4): 207-222.

Ball, H. L. (2003). "Breastfeeding, bed-sharing and infant sleep." Birth 30(3): 181-188.

Ball, H.L. (2006a). "Night-time infant care: cultural practice, evolution, and infant development". In: Liamputtong P, editor. Childrearing and infant care issues: A cross-cultural perspective. Melbourne, Australia: Nova: 47-61.

Ball, H.L. (2006b). "Parent-Infant Bed-sharing Behavior: effects of feeding type, and presence of father." Human Nature 17(3): 301-318.

Ball, H.L. (2006c). "Caring for twin infants: sleeping arrangements and their implications." Evidence Based Midwifery 4(1): 10-16.

Ball, H.L. (2008). Evolutionary Paediatrics: a case study in applying Darwinian Medicine. Medicine and Evolution: Current Applications, Future Prospects. Eds Elton & O'Higgins. New York, Taylor & Francis.

Ball, H., Hooker, E. and Kelly, P. (1999). "Where will the baby sleep? Attitudes and practices of new and experienced parents regarding cosleeping with their newborn infants." American Anthropologist 101(1): 143-151.

Ball, H.L., Moya, E., Fairley, L., Westman, J., Oddie, S. and Wright, J. (2012)."Bed and sofa-sharing practices in a UK bioethnic population." Pediatrics 129(3): e673-e681.

Ball, H.L. Ward-Platt, M.P. et al., (2006). "Randomised trial of infant sleep location on the postnatal ward." Archives of Disease in Childhood 91: 1005-1010.

Ball, H.L., Ward-Platt, M.P., Howel, D. and Russell, C. (2011). "Randomised trial of sidecar crib use on breastfeeding duration (NECOT) " Archives of Disease in Childhood 96: 360-364.

Barnard, K. E. (1999). Beginning rhythms: The emerging process of sleep wake behaviours and self-regulation. NCAST, University of Washington.

Bergman, N., Linley, L. and Fawcus, S.R. (2004). "Randomised controlled trial of skin-to-skin contact from birth versus conventional incubator for physiological stabilization in 1200- to 2199-gram newborns." Acta Paediatrica 93: 779-785.

Blabey, M. and Gessner B. (2009). "Infant bed-sharing practices and associated risk factors among births and infant deaths in Alaska." Public Health Reports 124: 527-534.

Blair, P. and Ball, H. (2004). "The prevalence and characteristics associated with parent- infant bed-sharing in England." Archives of Disease in Childhood 89: 1106-1110.

Blair, P., Fleming, P.J., Smith, I.A., Ward-Platt, M., Young, J., Nadin, P., Berry, P.J., Golding, J. and CESDI SUDI research group. (1999). "Babies sleeping with parents: case-control study of factors influencing the risk of the sudden infant death syndrome." British Medical Journal 319: 1457-1461.

Blair, P., Ward-Platt, M., Smith, I.J. and Fleming, P.J. and CESDI SUDI research group. (2006). "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and the time of death: factors associated with night-time and day-time deaths." International Journal of Epidemiology 35(6): 1563-1569.

Blair, P.S., Sidebotham, P., Evason-Coombe, C., Edmonds, M., Heckstall-Smith, E.M.A. and Fleming, P. (2009). "Hazardous cosleeping environments and risk factors amenable to change: case-control study of SIDS in south west England." British Medical Journal Online 339: 1-11.

Blum, D. (2002). Love at Goon Park: Harry Harlow and the Science of Affection. Chichester, Wiley.

Blunden, S.L., Thompson, K.R. and Dawson, D. (2011). "Behavioural sleep treatments and night time crying in infants: Challenging the status quo." Sleep Medicine Reviews 15(5): 327-334.

Blyton, D.M., Sullivan, C.E. and Edwards, N. (2002). "Lactation is associated with an increase in slow-wave sleep in women." Journal of Sleep Research 11: 297-303.

Bolling , K., Grant, C., Hamlyn, B. and Thornton, A. (2007). Infant Feeding Survey 2005. London, NHS: The Information Centre: 1-540.

Bower, B. (1999). Slumber's unexplored landscape - people in traditional societies sleep in eye-opening ways. www,

Brenner, R. A., Simons-Morton, B.G., Bhaskar, B., Revenis, M., Das, A. and Clemens, J.D. (2003). "Infant-Parent Bed Sharing in an Inner-City Population." Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 157: 33-39.

Buxton, K., Gielen, A.C., Faden, R.R., Brown, C.H., Paige, D.M. and Chwalow, A.J. (1991). "Women intending to breastfeed: predictors of early infant feeding experiences." American Journal of preventative medicine 7(2): 101-106.

Byard, R. W. (1994). "Is co-sleeping in infancy a desirable or dangerous practice?" Journal of Paediatric Child Health 30: 198-199.

Byard, R., Beal, S. and Bourne, A. (1994). "Potentially dangerous sleeping enviroments and accidental asphyxia in infancy and early chidhood." Archives of Disease in Childhood 71: 497-500.

Byard, R., Beal, S., Blackbourne, B, Nadeau, J.M. and Krous, H. (2001). "Specific dangers associated with infants sleeping on sofas." Journal of Peadiatrics and Child Health 37: 476-478.

Carpenter, R.G., Irgens, L.M., Blair, P.S., England, P.D., Fleming, P., Huber, J., Jorch, G. and Schreuder, P. (2004). "Sudden unexplained infant death in 20 regions in Europe: case control study." Lancet 363: 185-191.

Carpenter, R.G. (2006). "The hazards of bedsharing." Paediatr. Child Health 11(Supplement A): 24A-28A.

Clements, M.S., Mitchell, E.A., Wright, S.P., Esmail, A., Jones, D.R. and Ford, R.P.K. (1997). "Influences on breastfeeding in southeast England." Acta Paediatrica 86(1): 51-56.

Cavkll, B. (1981). "Gastric emptying in infants fed human milk or infant formula." Acta Paediatrica 70: 639-641.

Coons, S. and Guilleminault, C. (1982). "Development of sleep-wake patterns and non-rapid eye movement sleep stages during the first six months of life in normal infants." Pediatrics 69(6): 793-798.

Côté, A. (2006). "Bed sharing and sudden infant death syndrome: do we have a definition problem?" Paediatr Child Health 11(Supplement A): 34-38.

Crawford, C. (1994). "Parenting practices in the Basque country: implications of infant and childhood sleeping location for personality development." Ethos 22(1): 42-82.

Črnčec, R, Cooper, E. and Matthey, S. (2010). "Treating infant sleep disturbance: does maternal mood impact upon effectiveness?" Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 46(1-2): 29-34.

Davies, D.P. and Gantley, M. (1994). "Ethnicity and the aetiology of sudden infant death syndrome." Archives of Disease in Childhood 70: 349-353.

Doan, T., Gardiner, A., Gay, C.L. and Lee, K.A. (2007). "Breast-Feeding Increases Sleep Duration of New Parents." Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing 21(3): 200-206.

DoH. (2007). Off to the best start: Important information about feeding your baby. Produced by COI for the Department of Health.

Dørheim, S.G., Bonevik, G.T., Eberhard-Gran, M. and Bjorvatn B. (2009). "Sleep and depression in postpartum women: A population-based study". Sleep 32(7): 847-55.

Eckerberg, B. (2004). "Treatment of sleep problems in families with young children: Effects of treatment on family well-being." Acta Paediatrica 93(1): 126-134.

Ekirch, A.R. (2001). "Sleep we have lost: pre-industrial slumber in the British Isles." The American Historical Review 106(2): 343-386.

Elias, M., Nicholson, N., Bora, C. and Johnston, J. (1986). "Sleep/Wake patterns of breast-fed Infants in the first 2 years of life." Pediatrics 77(3): 322-329.

Feldman, R., Eidelman, A.I., Sirota L. and Weller, A. (2002). "Comparison of skin to skin (kangaroo) and traditional care: parenting outcomes and preterm infant development." Pediatrics 110(1): 16-26.

Feldman, R. and Eidelman, A.I. (2003). "Skin-to-skin contact (Kangaroo Care) accelerates autonomic and neurobehavioural maturation in preterm infants." Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 45(4): 274-281.

Feldman, R. (2012). "Parent-Infant Synchrony: A biobehavioural model of mutual influences in the formation of affiliative bonds." Monographs of the society for research in child development 77(2): 42-51.

Ferber, S.G. and Makhoul, I.R. (2004). "The Effect of Skin-to-Skin Contact (Kangaroo Care) Shortly After Birth on the Neurobehavioural Responses of the Term Newborn: A randomized, controlled trial " Pediatrics 113(4): 858-865.

Fleming, P.J. (1994). "Understanding and preventing Sudden Infant Death Syndrome." Current opinion in Paediatrics 6: 158-162.

Fleming, P.J., Blair, P.S., Bacon, C., Bensley, D., Smith, I., Taylor, E., Berry, J., Golding, J. and Tripp, J. (1996). "Environment of infants during sleep and risk of the sudden infant death syndrome: results of 1993-5 case-control study for confidential inquiry into stillbirths and deaths in infancy." British Medical Journal 313(7051): 191-194.

Fleming, P.J., Blair P.S., Ward-Platt, M., Tripp, J., Smith, I.J. and CESDI SUDI Research Group (2003). "Sudden infant death syndrome and social deprivation: assessing epidemiological factors after post-matching for deprivation." Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 17: 272-280.

Flick, L., White, K.D., Vemulapalli, C., Stulac, B.B. and Kemp, J.S. (2001). "Sleep position and the use of soft bedding during bed sharing among African American infants at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome." Journal of Pediatrics 138(3): 338-343.

Ford, R.P.K., Mitchell, E.A., Scragg, R., Stewart, A.W., Taylor, B.J. and Allen, E.M. (1994). "Factors adversely associated with breast feeding in New Zealand". Journal of Paediatric Child Health 30: 483-489.

FSID. (2009). Factfile 2. Research background to the Reduce the Risk of Cot Death advice by the Foundation for the Study of Infant Death Available online at Accessed 27/5/2012

Gaillo, R., Rose, N. and Vittorino, R. (2011). "Fatigue, wellbeing and parenting in mothers of infants and toddlers with sleep problems." Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology 29(3): 236-249.

Gantley, M., Davies, D.P. and Murcott, A. (1993). "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Links with infant care practices." British Medical Journal 306: 16-20.

Gardens BHa. Baby Book. New York: Bantam; 1965

Gay, C.L., Lee, K.A. and Lee, S. (2004). "Sleep patterns and fatigue in new mothers and fathers." Biological Research for Nursing 5(4): 311-318.

Gertner, S., Greenbaum, C.W., Sadeh, A., Dolfin, Z., Sirota, L. and Ben-Nun, Y. (2002). "Sleep-wake patterns in preterm infants and 6 month's home environment: implications for early cognitive development." Early Human Development 68: 93-102.

Gibson, E., Dembofsky, C.A., Rubin, S. and Greenspan, J.S. (2000). "Infant sleep position practices 2 years into the "Back to Sleep" Campaign." Clinical Pediatrics 39(5): 285-289.

Golding, J., Fleming, P., and Parkes, J. (1992). "Cot deaths and sleep position campaigns." Lancet 339(8795): 748-9.

Greenslade, J. (1995). "What's best about breastfeeding." Nursery World January: 19-21.

Gress, J.L., Chamber, A.S., Ong, J.C., Tikotzky, L., Okada, R.L. and Manber, R. (2010). "Maternal subjective sleep quality and nighttime infant care." Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology 28(4): 384-91.

Hall, W.A., Clauson, M., Carty, E.M., Janssen, P.A. and Saunders, R.A. (2006a). "Effects on parents of an intervention to resolve infant behavioral sleep problems." Pediatric Nursing 32(3): 243-250.

Hall, W.A., Saunders, R.A., Clauson, M., Carty, E.M. and Janssen, P.A. (2006b). "Effects of an Intervention Aimed at Reducing Night Waking and Signalling in 6- to 12- Month-Old Infants." Behavioural Sleep Medicine. 4(4): 242-261.

Hardyment, C. (1983). Dream Babies: Child Care from Locke to Spock. London, Jonathan Cape Ltd.

Hauck, F.R., Signore, C., Fein, S.B. and Raju, T.N.K. (2008). "Infant Sleeping Arrangements and Practices During the First Year of Life." Pediatrics 122: s113-s120.

Hauck, Y.L., Hall, W.A., Dhaliwal, S.S., Bennett, E. and Wells, G. (2011). "The effectiveness of an early parenting intervention for mothers with infants with sleep and settling concerns: a prospective non-equivalent before-after design." Journal of Clinical Nursing 21: 52-62.

Hayes, M., Roberts, S.M. and Stowe, R. (1996). "Early-childhood co-sleeping: parent-child and parent-infant nighttime interaction." Infant Mental Health Journal 17(4): 348-357.

Heinig, M.J. (2010). "Addressing maternal fatigue: A challenge to in-hospital breastfeeding promotion." Journal of Human Lactation 26(3): 231-232.

Henderson, J.M.T., France, K.G., Owens, J.L. and Blampied, N.M. (2010). "Sleeping through the night: The consolidation of self-regulated sleep across the first year of life." Pediatrics 126(5): e1081-e1087.

Hiscock, H. and Wake, M. (2002). "Randomised Controlled Trial of Behavioural Infant Sleep Intervention to Improve Infant Sleep and Maternal Mood." British Medical Journal 324: 1062-1067.

Hiscock, H., Bayer, J., Gold, L., Hampton, A., Ukoumunne, O.C. and Wake, M. (2007). "Improving Infant Sleep and Maternal Mental Health: A cluster randomised trial." Archives of Disease in Childhood 92: 952-958.

Hiscock, H., Bayer, J.K., Hampton, A., Ukoumunne, O.C. and Wake, M. (2008). "Long-term Mother and Child Mental Health Effects of a Population-Based Infant Sleep Intervention: Cluster-Randomized, Controlled Trial." Pediatrics 122(3): e621-e627.

Hoffman, H.J., Hunter, J.C., Ellish, N.J., Janerich, D.T. and Goldberg, J. (1988). Adverse reproductive factors and the sudden infant death syndrome. Sudden infant death syndrome. Risk factors and basic mechanisms. R. M. Harper and H. J. Hoffman. New York, PMA Publishing: 153-175

Horne, R.S.C., Parslow, P.M., Ferens, D., Watts, A.M. and Adamson, T.M. (2004). "Comparison of Evoked Arousability in Breast and Formula Fed Infants." Archives of Disease in Childhood 89: 22-25.

Horne, R.S.C., Witcombe, N.B., Yiallourou, S.R., Richardson, H.L. (2010). "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Implications of Altered Physiological Control During Sleep." Current Pediatric Reviews 6(1): 30-38(9)

Horsley, T., Clifford, T., Barrowman, N., Bennett, S., Yazdi, F., Sampson, M., Moher, D., Dingwall, O., Schachter, H. and Côté, A. (2007). "Benefits and Harms Associated with the Practise of Bed Sharing: A systematic review." Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 161(March 2007): 237-245.

Hrdy, S.B. (1999). Mother Nature: A history of mothers, infants, and natural selection. New York, Ballantine.

Hunt, C.E. (1992). "The cardiorespiratory control hypothesis for sudden infant death syndrome." Clinics in Perinatology 19(4): 757-771.

Irgens, L.M., Markestad, T., Baste, V., Schreuder, P., Skjaerven, R. and Oyen, N. (1995). "Sleeping position and sudden infant death syndrome in Norway 1967-1991." Archives of Disease in Childhood 72(6): 478-482.

Jelliffe, D.B. and Jelliffe, E.F.P. (1978). Human Milk in the Modern World. London, Oxford University Press.

Jenni, O.G. and O'Connor, B.B. (2005). "Children's Sleep: An Interplay Between Culture and Biology." Pediatrics 115(1): 204-216.

Jonas, W., Nissen, E., Ransiö-Arvidson, A.B., Wiklund, I., Henriksson, P. and Uvnäs-Moberg, K. (2008). "Short- and long-term decrease of blood pressure in women during breastfeeding." Breastfeeding Medicine 3: 103-109.

De Jonge, G.A., Burgmeijer, R.J.F., Engelberts, A,C., Hoogenboezem, J., Kostense, P.J. and Sprij, A.J. (1993). "Sleeping position for infants and cot death in the Netherlands 1985-91." Archives of Disease in Childhood 69: 660-663.

Keefe, M. (1987). "Comparisons of neonatal night time sleep-wake patterns in nursery versus rooming environments." Nursing Research 36(3): 140-144.

Keefe, M. (1988). "The impact of infant rooming-in on maternal sleep at night." Journal of Obstetetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing 17(2): 122-126.

Kendall-Tackett, K., Cong, Z. and Hale, T.W. (2010). "Mother-Infant Sleep Locations and Nighttime Feeding Behavior: U.S. Data from the Survey of Mothers' Sleep and Fatigue." Clinical Lactation 1: 27-31.

Kinney, H.C. and Thach, B.T. (2009). "The sudden infant death syndrome." New England Journal of Medicine 361: 795­805.

Kirschner, R.H. and Willinger, M. (2003). "Sleep Environment and the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in an Urban Population: The Chicago infant mortality study." Pediatrics 111(5): 1207-1214.

Kramer, M.S. and Kakuma, R. (2002). "Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding." Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1: Art. No.: CD003517

Kuhn, B.R. and Weidinger, D. (2000). "Interventions for infant and toddler sleep disturbance: A review." Child & family behavior therapy 22: 33-50.

Kurth, E., Spichiger, E., Zemp Stutter, E., Biedermann, J., Wheels, I. and Kennedy, H.P. (2010). "Crying babies, tired mothers - challenges of the postnatal hospital stay: an interpretive phenomenological study." BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 10(21).

Lahr, M., Rosenberg, K. and Lapidus, J. (2005). "Bedsharing and Maternal Smoking in a Population-Based Survey of New Mothers." Pediatrics 116: 530-542.

Lam, P., Hiscock, H. and Wake, M.H. (2003). "Outcomes of infant sleep problems; a longitudinal study of sleep, behavior, and maternal well-being." Pediatrics 111(3): 203-207.

Leduc, D. and Camfield, C. (2006). "Putting Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Research into Practise: Paediatricians' perspective." Paediatr Child Health 11(Suppl A): 51A-52A.

Leventopoulos, M., Russig, H., Feldon, J., Pryce, C.R. and Opacka-Juffry, J. (2009). "Early deprivation leads to long-term reductions in motivation for re- ward and 5-HT1A binding and both effects are reversed by fluoxetine." Neuropharmacology 56: 692-701.

Marchand, L. and Morrow, M.H. (1994). "Infant feeding practices: understanding the decision-making process." Clinical Research and Methods 26(5): 319-324.

Loudon, I. (1993). An international study of maternal care and maternal mortality 1800-1950. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

McCoy, R.C., Hunt, C.E. Lesko, S.M., Vezina, R., Corwin, M.J., Willinger, M., Hoffman, H.J. and Michell, A.A. (2004). "Frequency of Bed Sharing and its Relationship to Breastfeeding." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 25(3): 141-149.

McGarvey, C., McDonnell, M., Chong, A., O'Regan, M. and Matthews, T. (2003). "Factors Relating to the Infant's Last Sleep Environment in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in the Republic of Ireland." Archives of Disease in Childhood 88: 1058-1064.

McGarvey, C., McDonnell, M., Hamilton, K., O'Regan, M. and Matthews, T. (2006). "An 8 year study of risk factors for SIDS: bed-sharing versus non-bed-sharing." Archives of Disease in Childhood 91: 318-323.

McKenna, J.J. (1986). "An anthropological perspective on the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): The role of parental breathing cues and speech breathing adaptations." Medical Anthropology 10: 9-53.

McKenna, J.J. and Volpe, L.E. (2007). "Sleeping with Baby: An internet-based sampling of parental experiences, choices, perceptions and interpretations in a Western industrialized context." Infant and Child Development 16(4): 359-385.

Marchand, L. and Morrow, M.H. (1994). "Infant feeding practices: understanding the decision-making process." Clinical Research and Methods 26(5): 319-324.

Markestad, T., Skadberg, B., Hordvick, E., Morild, I. and Irgens, L.M. (1995). "Sleeping position and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): effect of an intervention programme to avoid prone sleeping." Acta Paediatrica 84(4): 375-378.

Middlemiss, W., Granger, D.A., Goldberg, W.A. and Nathans, L. (2012). "Asynchrony of mother-infant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity following extinction of infant crying responses induced during the transition to sleep." Early Human Development 88: 227-232.

Mindell, J.A., Kuhn, B., Lewin, D.S., Meltzer, L.J. and Sadeh, A. (2006). "Behavioral treatment of bedtime problems and night wakings in infants and young children." Sleep 29(10): 1263-1276.

Mindell, J.A., Sadeh, A., Wiegane, B., How, T.H. and Goh, D.Y.T. (2010). "Cross-cultural difference in infant and toddler sleep." Sleep Medicine 11: 274-280.

Mitchell, E. (2009). "SIDS: past, present and future." Acta Pediatrica 98: 1712-1719.

Mitchell, E.A., Freemantle, J. Young, J. and Byard, RW. (2011). "Scientific consensus forum to review the evidence underpinning the recommendations of the Australian SIDS and Kids Safe Sleeping Health Promotion Programme - October 2010." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. Early view: DOI: DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02215.x

Mitchell, E. and Scragg, R. (1994). "Observations on ethnic differences in SIDS mortality in New Zealand." Early Human Development 38: 151-157.

Mitchell, E.A., Taylor, B.J., Ford, R.P., Stewart, A., Becroft, D.M., Thompson, J.M., Scragg, R., Hassal, I.B., Barry, D.M., Allen, E.M. and Roberts, A.P. (1992). "Four modifiable and other major risk factors for cot death; the New Zealand study." Journal of Paediatric Child Health 28(Supplement 1): S3-8.

Mitchell, E.A., Stewart, A.W., Scragg, R., Ford, R.P.K.,Taylor, B.J., Becroft, D.M.O., Thompson, J.M.D., Hassall, I.B., Baryy, D.M.J., Allen, E.M. and Roberts, A.P. (1993). "Ethnic Differences in Mortality from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in New Zealand." British Medical Journal 306: 13-15.

Montgomery-Downs, H.E., Clawges, H.M. and Santy, E.E. (2010). "Infant Feeding Methods and Maternal Sleep and Daytime Functioning." Pediatrics 126(6): e1562-e1568.

Moon, R.Y., Horne, R.S. and Hauck, F.R. (2007). "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome." Lancet 370: 1578-1587.

Moon, R.Y., Calabrese, T. and Aird, L. (2008). "Reducing the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Child Care and Changing Provider Practices: lessons learned from a demonstration project " Pediatrics 122(4): 788-798.

Moore, E., Anderson, G. and Bergman, N. (2007). "Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants (review)." Book: The Cochrane Collaboration: 1-63.

Moore, T. and Ucko, C. (1957). "Night waking in early infancy." Archives of Disease in Childhood 32: 333-342.

Morelli, G.A., Oppenheim, D., Rogoff, B. and Goldsmith, D. (1992). "Cultural Variation in Infants Sleeping Arrangements: Questions of Independance." Developmental Psychology 28(4): 604-613.

Morgan, B.E., Horn, A.R. And Bergman N.J. (2011). "Should Neonates Sleep Alone?" Biological Psychiatry. 70(9): 817-825.

Mosko, S., Richard, C., McKenna, J. and Drummond, S. (1996). "Infant sleep architecture during bedsharing and possible implications for SIDS." Sleep 19(9): 677-684.

Mosko, S., Richards, C. and McKenna, J. (1997). "Infant arousals during mother infant bed sharing : implications for infant sleep and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome research." Pediatrics 100(5): 841-850.

Nakamura, S., Wind, M. and Danello, M.A. (1999). "Review of hazards associated with children placed in adult beds." Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 153: 1019-1023.

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), N., DHHS (2001). Babies Sleep Safest on their Backs: A resource kit for reducing SIDS in African American communities. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Nikolopoulou, M. and St James-Roberts, I. (2003). "Preventing sleeping problems in infants who are at risk of developing them." Archives of Disease in Childhood 88: 108-111.

O'Hara, M., Harruff, R., Smialek, J.E. and Fowler, D.R. (2000). "Sleep location and suffocation: how good is the evidence? [letter]." Pediatrics 105(4 Pt 1): 915-917.

Ohgi, S., Faked, M., Moriuchi, H., Akiyama, T., Nugget, J.K., Brazelton, T.B. et al. (2001). "The effects of kangaroo care on neonatal neurobehavioral organization, infant development and temperament in healthy low-birth-weight infants through one year." Journal of Perinatology 22(374 -379).

ONS (Dattani, N. and Cooper, N). (2000). "Trends in cot deaths." Health Statistics Quarterly 05: 10-16.

Oyen, N., Markstad, T., Skjaerven, R., Irgens, L., Helweg-Larsen, K., Alm, B., Norvenius, G. and Wennergren, G. (1997). "Combined effects of sleeping positions and prenatal risk factors in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome:The nordic epidemiological SIDS study." Pediatrics 100(4): 613-622.

Parmelee, A., Wenner, W.H. and Schultz, H.R. (1964). "Infant sleep patterns: from birth to 16 weeks of age." Pediatrics 65(4): 576-582.

Parsons, C.E., Young, K.S., Murray, L., Stein, A. and Kringelbach, M.L. "The functional neuroanatomy of the evolving parent-infant relationship." Progress in Neurobiology 91: 220-241.

Peireno, P., Algarı́n, C. and Uauy, R. (2003). "Sleep-wake states and their regulatory mechanisms throughout early human development." Journal of Pediatrics 143(4): 70-79.

Pinilla, T. and Birch, L.L. (1993). "Help me make it through the night: behavioral entrainment of breast-fed infants' sleep patterns." Pediatrics 91(2): 436-444.

Pryce, C.R., Aubert, Y., Maier, C., Pearce, P.C. and Fuchs, E. (2004). "Deprivation of parenting disrupts development of homeostatic and reward systems in marmoset monkey offspring." Biological Psychiatry 56: 72-29.

Pryce, C.R., Aubert, Y., Maier, C., Pearce, P.C. and Fuchs, E. (2011). "The developmental impact of prenatal stress, prenatal dexamethasone and postnatal social stress on physiology, behaviour and neuroanatomy of primate offspring: Studies in rhesus macaque and common marmoset." Psycho-pharmacology 214: 33-53.

Quillian, S. (1997). "Infant and mother sleep patterns during 4th postpartum week." Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing 20(2): 115-123.

Quillin, S.I. and Glenn, L. (2004). "Interaction between feeding method and co-sleeping on maternal-newborn sleep." Journal of Obstetric, Gynocologic and Neonatal Nursing 33(5): 580-588.

Rasinski, K.A., Kuby, A., Bzdusek, S.A., Silvestri, J.M. and Weese-Mayer, D. (2003). "Effect of a Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Risk Reduction Education Program on Risk Facto Compliance and Information Sources in Primarily Black Urban Communities." Pediatrics 111(4): e347-e354.

Richard, C., Mosko, S., McKenna, J. and Drummond, S. (1996). "Sleeping position, orientation, and proximity in bedsharing infants and mothers." Sleep 19(9): 685-690.

Rigda, R.S., McMillen, I.C. and Buckley, P. (2000). "Bed sharing patterns in a cohort of Australian infants during the first six months after birth." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 36(2): 117-121.

Santos, I.S., Mota, D.M., Matijasevich, A., Barros, A.J.D. and Barros, F.C.F (2009). "Bed-Sharing at 3 Months and Breast-Feeding at 1 Year in Southern Brazil." The Journal of Pediatrics 155: 505-509.

Schluter, P.J., Paterson, J. and Percival, T. (2007). "Infant Care Practices Associated with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: findings from the Pacific Islands Families Study." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 43: 388-393.

Scragg, R., Stewart, A.W., Mitchell, E.A., Ford, R.P.K., and Thompson, J.M.D. (1995). "Public Health Policy on Bed-Sharing and Smoking in the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome." New Zealand Medical Journal 108: 218-222.

Scragg, R.K.R., Stewart, A.W., Mitchell, E.A., Thompson, J.M.D., Taylor, B.J., Williams, S.M., Ford, R.P.K. and Hassall, I.B. (1996). "Infant room sharing and prone sleeping position in the sudden infant death syndrome." Lancet 347: 7-12.

van Sleuwen, B. E., L'Hoir, M. P., Engelberts, A. C., Westers, P. and Schulpen, T. W. J. (2003). "Infant care practices related to cot death in Turkish and Moroccan families in the Netherlands." Archives of Disease in Childhood 88: 784-788.

Small, M.F. (1998). Our babies ourselves-how biology and culture shape the way we parent. New York, NY: Doubleday Dell Publishing Group.

St James Roberts, I., Alvarez, M., Csipke, E., Abramsky, T., Goodwin, J. and Sorgenfrei, E. (2006). "Infant Crying and Sleeping in London, Copenhagen and When Parents Adopt a ''Proximal'' Form of Care." Pediatrics 117(6);e1146-1155

Stremler, R., Hodnett, E., Lee, K., MacMillan, S., Mill, C., Ongcangco, L. and Willan, A. (2006). "A Behavioral-Educational Intervention to Promote Maternal and Infant Sleep: A Pilot Randomized, Controlled Trial." Sleep 29(12): 1609-1615.

Stuart-Macadam, P. (1995). "Biocultural Perspectives on Breastfeeding." Breastfeeding: Biocultural Perspectives. P. Stuart-Macadam and K. Dettwyler. New York, Aldine de Gruyter: 1-37.

Symon, B., Marley, J., Martin, A. and Norman, E. (2005). "Effect of a consultation teaching behaviour modification on sleep performance in infants: a randomised controlled trial." Medical Journal of Australia 182(5).

Tappin, D., Russell, E. and Brooke, H. (2005). "Bedsharing, Roomsharing, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Scotland: A case-control study." The Journal Of Pediatrics 147: 32-37.

Tarrant, R.C., Younger, K.M. and Sheridan-Pereira, M. (2011). "Factors associated with duration of breastfeeding in Ireland: Potential areas for improvement." Journal of Human Lactation 27: 262-277.

Tarullo, A., Balsam, P. and Fifer, W. (2011). "Sleep and infant learning." Infant and Child Development 20(1): 35-46.

Thunström, M. (2000). "A 2.5-year follow-up of infants treated for severe sleep problems." Ambulatory Child Health 6(4): 225-235.

Tikotzky, L., De Marcas, G., Har-Toov, J., Dollberg, S., Bar-Haim, Y. and Sadeh, A. (2010). "Sleep and physical growth in infants during the first 6 months." Journal of Sleep Research 19: 103-10.

Tollenaar, M.S., Beijers, R., Jansen, J., Riksen-Walraven, J.M.A. and de Weerth, C. (2012). "Solitary sleeping in young infants is associated with a heightened cortisol reactivity to a bathing session but not to a vaccination." Psychoneuroendocrinology 37(2): 167-177.

Touchette, E., Petit, D., Paquet, J., Boivin, M., Japel, C., Tremblay, R.E. and Montplaisir, J.Y. (2005). "Factors associated with fragmented sleep at night across early childhood." Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 159(3): 242-249.

Trevathan, W. (2010). Ancient bodies, modern lives: How evolution has shaped women's health. Oxford University Press, USA.

Tse, L. and Hall, W. (2007). "A qualitative study of parents' perceptions of a behavioural sleep intervention. Child care, health and development 34(2): 162-172.

Tuohy, P.G., Smale, P. and Clements, M. (1998). "Ethnic differences in parent/infant co-sleeping practices in New Zealand." New Zealand Medical Journal 111: 364-366.

Uvnas Moberg, K. (2003). The oxytocin factor. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.

Vennemann, M.M.T., Findeisen, M., Butterfaβ-Bahloul, T., Jorch, G., Brinkmann, B, Pcke, W.K., Bajanowski, T., Mitchell, E.A and The GeSID Group. (2005). "Modifiable risk factors for SIDS in Germany: Results of GeSID." Acta Pædiatrica 94(6): 655-660.

Vennemann, M.M., Bajanowski, T., Brinkmann, B., Jorch, G., Sauerland, C., Mitchell, E.A. and GeSID Study (2009). "Sleep environment risk factors for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: the German Sudden Infant Death Syndrome study." Pediatrics 123(4): 1162-1170.

Vennemann, M.M., Hense, H-W., Bajanowski, T., Blair, P.S., Complojer, C., Moon, R.Y. and Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, U. (2012). "Bed Sharing and the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Can We Resolve the Debate?" The Journal of Pediatrics 160(1): 44-48.

Wake, M., Price, A., Clifford, S., Ukoumunne, O.C. and Hiscock, C. (2011). "Does an intervention that improves infant sleep also improve overweight at age 6? Follow-up of a randomised trial." Archives of Disease in Childhood 96: 526-532.

Waldenstrom, U. and Swenson, A. (1991). "Rooming-in at night in the postpartum ward." Midwifery 7(2) : 82-89

Ward Platt, M., Blair, P., Fleming, P., Smith, I., Cole, T., Leach, C., Berry, P., Golding, J. and CESDI SUDI Research Group. (2000). "A clinical comparison of SIDS and explained sudden infant deaths: how healthy and how normal?" Archives of Disease in Childhood 82: 92-106.

Weale, S. (2003). "Too close for comfort?" The Guardian. London. January 20th: Accessed August 24th from hhtp://,11381,878280,878200.html.

Whiting, J.W.M. (1981). "Environmental constraints on infant care practices." Handbook of Cross-cultural Human Development. R. H. Munroe, R. L. Munroe and B. B. Whiting. New York, Garland.

Willinger, M., James, L.S. and Catz, C. (1991). "Defining the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS): deliberations of an expert panel convened by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development." Pediatric Pathology 11: 677-684.

Willinger, M., Ko, C.W., Hoffman, H.J., Kessler, R.C. and Corwin, M.J. (2003). "Trends in infant bed sharing in the United States, 1993-2000." Archives of Pedatric and Adolescent Medicine 157: 43-49.

Wolf, A.W., Lozoff, B., Latz, S. and Paludetto, R. (1996). "Parental Theories in the Management of Young Children's Sleep in Japan, Italy and the United States." Parents' Cultural Belief Systems. S. Harkness and C.M. Super. London, The Guildford Press.

Worthman, C.M. (2008). "The Evolutionary Ecology of Human Sleep." Evolutionary Medicine and Health. W.R. Trevathan, E.O. Smith and J.J. McKenna. Oxford, Oxford University Press: 291-313.

Worthman, C. and Melby, M.K. (2002). "Toward a Comparative Developmental Ecology of Human Sleep." Adolescent Sleep Patterns: Biological, Social, and Psychological Influences. M.A. Carskadon. New York, Cambridge University Press: 69-117.

Yamauchi, Y. and Yamanouchi , I. (1990). "The relationsip between rooming-in/not rooming-in and breast-feeding variables." Acta Paediatrica Scandinavia 79(11): 1017-1022.

Young, J., P.J. Fleming, P. Blair & K. Pollard (2001). "Night-time infant care practices: A longitudinal study of the importance of close contact between mothers and their babies." Deutscher Still-und Laktationskongress, Leipziger Universitatsverlag, Germany. 4: 179-210.

Last modified: 20th December 2015